FAQs/Glossary

Pre-Press FAQ’s

Can you scan my artwork?

Yes. We have several state-of-the-art methods of scanning on site.

What dpi should I scan my artwork?

Images should be scanned at 300 to 400 dpi. Illustrations containing distinct shapes, lines or lettering should be scanned at a minimum of 600 dpi or ideally 1200 dpi. A higher resolution is required to preserve the crispness of the edges of an illustration.

What types of files do I need to provide?

There are two preferred formats: 1) Adobe PDF files. 2) Adobe InDesign or QuarkXPress files along with the corresponding image and font files. Other formats may be feasible; Please contact our EPP Manager for more information.

What are Distiller Settings?

‘Distiller Settings’ are PDF file creation settings used in the Adobe Acrobat Distiller program. We have made our preferred PDF creation settings available to assist our customers in properly preparing PDFs. The settings file is available for download here: The file can be imported into your copy of Acrobat Distiller. The settings file can also be used in InDesign for PDF exporting.

How can I submit my files to you?

Files may be submitted via CD, DVD, flash drive or external hard drive. Files may also be submitted via FTP or via InSite, our online proofing system.

How do I send a file to you using your FTP site?

Our FTP site is located at: ftp.worzalla.com. Please contact your Customer Service Representative for a user name and password. Mac: You will need an FTP program to access the site. There are many programs available, such as Cyberduck, Transmit or RBrowser. Windows: Log on using Internet Explorer or Windows Explorer.

How do I send a file to you using InSite?

Your Customer Service Representative must first set up an account for you on InSite. You will be given a username and password. Once you are logged on, you will press the ‘Upload Files’ button. You will be prompted to choose the files you wish to upload.

What does RGB mean?

RGB stands for Red, Green, Blue the three primary colors of light. Scanners and digital cameras create images in RGB format. Computer monitors and TVs use combinations of red, green and blue light to create what is seen on the screen. To be compatible with print production. The image files must at some point be converted to the proper format, typically CMYK.

Why do my proofs look so different from what I see on my computer screen?

Computer monitors display colors in the RGB color space as opposed to viewing a proof or printed piece which would use the CMYK color space. Each of these color spaces have different properties which affect how colors are displayed and perceived. Monitor output will also vary among different manufacturers. Also greatly affecting color is the lighting conditions present when viewing your screen, proof or printed piece. Systems are being developed to control lighting conditions and monitor calibration in order to closely match monitor output with final output. While this technology is improving, this has not yet become accessible on a broad scale. Normally it should be assumed that a monitor is not color accurate.

How do I determine what my spine width should be?

Many variables are used to determine the proper spine width for books, including page count, page thickness, and binding style. Please contact your Customer Service Representative for the proper spine width for your project.

 

Glossary

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | L | M | N | O | P | R | S |W

A

Approval

1.) Authorization from the customer to proceed with production.
2.) A color correct proof used to match at press (a Kodak product).

Antique Paper

Offset stock with a very rough finish.

Author Alterations

Customer requested changes to be made to images, or text (usually at additional cost to the customer).

B

Basis Weight

A measurement of paper in points, or pounds. The higher the number, the heavier the stock.

Bleed

Image that extends beyond the trim of the book to be intentionally trimmed off during binding.

Blind Stamp

A debossed area on a case that does not receive foil.

Book Block

Folded and gathered signatures that are bound with glue, staples, or sewn, but have not received a case or cover.

C

C1S / C2S

C1S is stock that has a coating on one size. C2S has coating on both sides.

Cambric Embossing

Lamination embossed with a criss-cross pattern.

Case

Board with a cover applied that will wrap around a book block.

Case Bound

A hard cover book.

Casing In

To enclose a book block within a case.

CMYK

The four process colors used to create images (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black).

Coated Paper

Coating applied to the stock by the mill to enhance ink, such as gloss, dull, or matte.

Color Correct

Adjusting files to match the color of original artwork, or some other media, usually at additional cost to the customer.

Continuous Tone

Artwork, files, or proofs that have varying shades but do not have dots.

Crossover

Artwork that spans both pages of an open book.

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D

Debossing

A lowered section of paper or cloth created by compressing dies or patterned rollers together with force.

Deckled Edge

Leaving the face edge of the book torn instead of cut.

Digital Blueline

A low resolution proof used to ensure proper page position, and collation.

DPI

A measurement used to determine the number of Dots Per Inch. Higher DPI produces a sharper image.

Dummy Book

A handmade mock up of a finished book with blank pages and cover.

Dull Lamination

A film applied to covers and jackets with a dull finish. Also called Matte Lamination. Dull finish is prone to scuffing.

Dull UV

A liquid coating applied to covers on press that is cured with ultraviolet light producing a dull finish.

Duotone

A color image created using only two colors.

E

Endsheet

Sheets attached to the first and last section of a book which will adhere to the case board, thereby casing in the book.

Embossing

A raised section of paper or lamination created by compressing dies or patterned rollers together with force.

Epson Proof

A color correct continuous tone proof (an Epson product).

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F

Face Edge

The edge of the book opposite the spine and gutter.

Fifth Color

A premixed ink color used in addition to four color process.

Fold and Gather

A set of trimmed signatures. Also called F &G’s.

Foil Stamp

Stamping a case with a heated die adhering colored foil to the case.

Folio

A page number.

Foot

The bottom of a page.

Four Color Process

The four process colors used to create images (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black). Also called CMYK.

G

Gloss Lamination

A film applied to covers and jackets with a gloss finish.

Gloss UV

A liquid coating applied to covers on press that is cured with ultraviolet light producing a gloss finish.

Groundwood Stock

Paper made using mechanical grinding instead of chemical processing. Newspaper is a good example of this.

Gutter

The portion of a page that is next to the spine.

H

Halftone

Photographs that have been converted to images comprised of dots.

Head

The top of page.

Hickey

A bulls eye shaped imperfection caused by a speck of dust stuck to a printing blanket.

Hinge

An area running parallel and next to the spine of a hard case book without board adhered, to allow the cover to bend and the book to open.

I

Ink Drawn Down

A test showing how a specific color of ink will look on a specific kind of stock.

ISBN Number – (International Standard Book Number)

A number assigned to a specific book publication.

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L

Layout

A diagram showing dimensions required for covers and jackets, etc.

Linen Embossing

Lamination embossed with a linen pattern to simulate cloth.

M

Makeready

The process required to prepare a piece of equipment to perform a particular task.

Margin

Space between the edge of the book and the image, or text.

Moiré

A moiré occurs when two screens of dots are improperly aligned causing a displeasing pattern within a color. An example of this can be seen with two window screens laid on top of each other and slowly rotating one of them.

N

Notch Bind

Similar to Perfect Binding, with the addition of grooves cut into the spine area to allow adhesive to penetrate more deeply into the paper.

O

Offset Press

Printing press that transfers ink from plate to blanket, then to the paper instead of from the plate directly to the paper.

P

Page

One side of a sheet in a book.

Paperback

A book bound with a paper cover.

Perfect Bind

Using adhesive to bind a book (not sewn or stapled).

Perfect Case Bound

A hard cover book bound using adhesive (not sewn or stapled).

PMS

Pantone Matching System used to specify color mix of ink.

R

RGB

Red, Green, Blue. Computer monitors display in RGB format. Most image files were created in RGB format. For images to be compatible with print production, images must be converted to the proper format, typically CMYK.

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S

Saddle Stitch

Binding using staples through the spine.

Sheet

1.) A sheet has two sides, and is made up of two pages.
2.) A single piece of paper run through a press.

Sheetfed Press

Offset presses that print a single sheet of paper at a time.

Side Sewn

Sewing a book through the sheets near the spine.

Signature

A single sheet of stock printed on both sides. Signatures may still be flat, or folded and trimmed in varying page counts.

Soft Proofing

Software that allows you to view changes, or corrections to your project online. This method is best used for a small number of correction pages, and not an entire book.

Smyth Sewn

Binding by sewing through the spine of each section, then to each other.

Spine

The back of a book, or the binding edge.

W

Web Press

Offset presses that print from a roll of paper.

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